Here are some of the key rights of all shareholders and members of a Michigan company:
Dividends or distributions of profits
An owner (whether a shareholder in a corporation or a member or partners in an LLC) is entitled to a pro rata share of the company’s profits. When dividends or distributions are declared, each shareholder or member is generally entitled to receive a share of the profits in proportion to his or her percentage interest in the company, or as otherwise specified in the governing documents. In some instances, those documents require distributions to be made when the company has sufficient cash on hand. A shareholder’s rights are violated when he or she does not receive pro rata distributions as required by law and in the relevant agreements.
Access to the company’s books and records
Owners have the right to inspect the business and financial records of the company. After all, the business belongs, in part, to him or her. The law sets out certain requirements regarding the manner of the request and the timing of inspection, but the key takeaway is that corporate shareholders and LLC members must be given broad access to company records and information. If a company fails to comply with a properly made demand for inspection, an owner can recover attorney’s fees from the company for any legal action necessitated by the failure.
Voting at shareholder or member meetings
In most companies, certain decisions must be put to a vote, and meetings may be convened for this purpose. A minority shareholder or member may not be deprived of the right to be present at such a meeting and vote.
Election of directors or managers
The governing documents of a company should set out procedures for electing the individuals charged with running the company. A person who assumes such a role without a properly conducted vote violates shareholder rights.
Adoption of bylaws or operating agreement
The owners of a business have the right to adopt the documents outlining their rights and responsibilities and the rules governing the company.
Most fundamentally, a shareholder or member has the right to be treated by the directors, officers, managers, or others in control in a manner that is fair and that does not wrongfully interfere with his or her interests as a shareholder or member of the company. Majority owners can get into trouble quickly when they start treating the company or its assets as their own personal property and ride roughshod over the interests of others.
Stand up for your rights as a business co-owner
Additional rights may be laid out in a company’s bylaws or operating agreement, and you should always know what rights you have under the specific documents of your company. Understanding your rights as a co-owner is key to getting what you deserve.
Maxwell Goss Law represents clients in trade secret, intellectual property, and business litigation cases in Michigan and nationwide.